The waxing procedure of hair removal should be performed by a trained cosmetologist or under the supervision of a cosmetologist in a professional beauty salon. It is a procedure that could potentially harm a person with medical conditions such as a bleeding disorder, poor blood circulation, varicose veins, skin infection or irritation, or poorly controlled diabetes. Waxing should not be carried out on anyone who uses, or who has recently used an acne medication such as isotretinoin (Accutane). Skin areas with moles, warts, sunburn, and chapping or allergic dermatitis should not be waxed.
Waxing removes hair "by the roots", extracting it from hair follicles. Because the follicles are not destroyed, they will produce new hair that will become visible in a few weeks. Repeated waxing may eventually damage hair follicles and render them able to produce only wispy, fine hairs.
The waxing procedure is carried out by covering the area to be treated with a thin layer of a wax especially compounded for the waxing procedure. When the wax cools, it is pulled forcefully off the skin, removing loose skin cells and pulling hair out of hair follicles. Side effects of waxing include pain when the wax is pulled off the skin, minor bleeding at hair-removal sites, and misdirected new hair growth after the procedure that may result in ingrown hairs. The cost of waxing varies, but cost is typically substantial.
The hair removal technique called "sugaring" is similar to waxing. It is a home-use technique with a long history as a folk remedy. Sugar and lemon or other fruit juice are mixed with water and boiled down to a thick paste. The paste is applied to the skin like icing to a cake, allowed to cool, then peeled rapidly off the skin to strip hair from hair follicles.